What Is the Abortion Pill?

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If you’re facing an unplanned pregnancy you have three options — parenting the baby, terminating the pregnancy, or placing the child for adoption. Making the decision that’s best for you is easier said than done.

Before you do anything, however, take a deep breath and remember you have time to make a choice. Once the worries settle, start gathering information on all of your options! It might seem overwhelming at first, but the more knowledge you gain, the more empowered and confident you will feel as you make your decision. 

Not sure where to start? That’s okay! Willow Women’s Center is here to walk alongside you and guide you towards the many resources available to you during this time. 

What are the abortion pills? 


The abortion pill, also known as a medical abortion, is a two-pill process of terminating an unwanted pregnancy.

When can I take the abortion pill?


The abortion pill is effective in roughly the first 70 days of gestation. If your pregnancy is further along, you will likely need to end the pregnancy through a surgical abortion.

To verify the age of your pregnancy and learn more about your options, schedule an appointment for a free ultrasound today!

How does the abortion pill work?

A medical abortion utilizes two medications, Mifepristone and Misoprostol. These two pills work together to end the pregnancy. Mifepristone is taken first and causes the body to stop producing the naturally-occurring pregnancy hormone called progesterone. Because progesterone is necessary to sustain the pregnancy, it will not survive without it.
Once the pregnancy has ended, Misoprostol is taken to cause contractions and force the pregnancy from the body.
Where does a medical abortion take place?

The first pill, Mifepristone, is often administered in a medical setting, like a doctor’s office or with an abortion provider; however, sometimes women will take the first pill at home. Misoprostol is typically taken at home, where you will expel the pregnancy. 

Women who take the abortion pill can expect to experience intense bleeding and the passing of pregnancy tissue in the form of large blood clots. These clots can sometimes be as large as a lemon. 

What are the side effects of the abortion pill?

When taking the abortion pill, one can expect to experience the following side effects:

  • Heavy bleeding
  • Cramping and abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Exhaustion

What are the risks of the abortion pill?

While most women will experience the above side effects, some women may also experience more serious and long-term health risks in the wake of their abortions.

Some of these risks include:

  • Incomplete abortions
  • Infections
  • Hemorrhaging
  • Mental health complications

What should I do before taking the abortion pill? 

As we said, the more you know about your options, the more empowered you will be as you choose! One of the best ways to learn about your options is through an ultrasound.

Not only are ultrasounds required in some states prior to having an abortion, but they are also a great way to identify any risks you might encounter and learn about your pregnancy — including its age, viability, and location. This information will help you and your doctor determine which option is safest for you.

Schedule your no-cost, confidential ultrasound today with Willow Women’s Center! 

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